Birjand (also Romanized as Bīrjand and Birdjand)is the east Iranian provincial capital of South Khorasan and the centre of the county Birjand resp. Quhestan, known for its saffron, barberry, rug and handmade carpet exports. The city of Birjand had a population of 187,020 people at the time of the last official census in 2013.
Being close to the Afghanistan border, Birjand is located on the "Silk Road"
The city has a dry climate with significant difference between day
and night temperatures. It is a fast-growing city, thus becoming one of
the major centres in the East of Iran
of opium smuggled from Afghanistan on the way to Europe (also dubbed the "opium crescent").